Frequently Asked Questions
Why are the labels changing?
Patients often have a difficult time reading and understanding medication labels, especially those with low health literacy. Your pharmacy system is participating in a project called Adopting Patient-Centered Prescription Medication Labels in Wisconsin. The main purpose of the project is to implement improved labels based on the United States Pharmacopeia’s national guidelines.
To read about the research that started it all click here.
What is Health Literacy?
According to The Institute of Medicine (now the National Academy of Medicine), 77 million Americans have limited health literacy. People with limited health literacy do not have the skills they need to obtain, process and understand basic health information they need to make appropriate health care decisions. Misunderstanding health information on a prescription medication label can lead to medication errors, health complications and even death. People who are in pain, sick, older, as well as those whose first language is not English, and those with a limited education can all have low health literacy. By designing patient materials, such as medication labels to comply with standards for reaching low health literacy patients, we increase patient understanding, and reduce the chance or medication mistakes, leading to better health overall.
What are the USP Chapter 17 Guidelines?
The USP developed the standards to address patient safety and health literacy in the pharmacy setting. The USP Chapter 17 guidelines were developed from an initiative led by the Institute of Medicine to improve health literacy. These include recommendations on font style and size, white space, placement of critical information, and using clear instructions for use.
The full USP Chapter 17 guidelines can be downloaded here.
A summary is listed here.
Why aren’t all the standards listed by the USP being implemented in this project?
There are a few of the standards that are beyond the scope of this pilot project. Listing the indication (reason for taking the medicine), and standardizing the instructions for use are two examples. Current software systems do not allow for this kind of information to be customized in the way that would be beneficial for this project. Such challenges are, however, topics for future improvement projects by the providers.
How can I learn more about this project, or provide feedback?
Health Literacy Summit
Over 350 people attended the 2017 Wisconsin Health Literacy Summit, which focused on how improved health literacy can help individuals become more engaged with their health and healthcare.
An additional 80 individuals attended the Medication Label Summit centering on how improving prescription drug labels can help patient understanding. Visit our Summit page for more information.
Wisconsin Health Literacy is working with a patient advisory council to design easy-to-read medication labels. Our work has impacted about 3 million prescription labels in Wisconsin. Read more about this project.